Regulation

Agriculture produce means all produce (whether processed or not) of agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, pisciculture and forests as specified in the schedule.The The APMCs were established by the State Govt. for regulating the marketing of different kinds of agriculture and pisciculture produce for the same market area or any part thereof.The Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Development & Regulation) Act was passed in the year 1963, with a view to regulate the marketing of agricultural and pisciculture produce in market areas. After giving due consideration to various committee's recommendations and study groups, some important changes have been made in this Act in the year 1987 and thereafter.

Constitution
Every market shall consist of:

  • Agriculturists residing in the market area and being 21 years of age on the date specified from time to time by the Collector in this behalf.
  • Traders and commission agents holding license to operate in the market area.
  • Chairman of the co-operative society doing business of processing and marketing of agriculture produce in the market area.

Chairman of the Panchayat Samiti within the jurisdiction in which the market area is situated, President or Sarpanch of the local authority within the juridiction of which the principal market is situated. Deputy Registrar of Co-operative Society of the district, the Assistant Cotton Extn. Officer or where there is no such officer the district Agriculture Officer of the Department of Agriculture.

Objectives

It shall be the duty of the Market Commitee to implement the provisions of the Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Regulation) Act 1963, the rules and bye-laws made there under in the market area to provide such facilities for marketing of agricultural produce therein as the Director may from time to time, direct do such other acts as may be required in relation to the superintendence, direction and control of markets or for relating marketing of agricultural produce in any place in the market area and for purpose connected with the matters aforesaid, and for that purpose may exercise such powers and perform such duties and discharge such functions as may be provided by or under this Act.

The Act provides for establishment of Market Committees in the State. These Market Committees are engaged in development of market yards for the benefit of agriculturists and the buyers. Various agricultural produce commodities are regulated under the Act. At present there are 306 APMCs with main markets and 598 sub markets.

Divisionwise break-up of APMCs are as follows:
No Division Main Market Sub Market
1 Konkan 20 42
2 Nasik 53 116
3 Pune 23 67
4 Aurangabad 36 65
5 Latur 49 80
6 Amravati 55 91
7 Nagpur 49 77
8 Kolhapur 21 60
  Total 306 598
Classification of APMCs (2016-2017)
No APMC Class No. of APMCs Total Income
1 "A" Class 142 Above Rs. 1Crore
2 "B" Class 69 Above Rs. 50 Lac to Rs. 1Crore
3 "C' Class 43 Above Rs. 25 to Rs. 50Lac
4 "D" Class 52 Less than Rs. 25Lac
  Total 306  
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